Another interesting thing, in the article mentioned that oliander in arabic or turkish called Zaqqum, sound familiar? yup it really turned out to be set out in Al-Quran 37:62-63 letter sounds
62. Food Paradise) Is that better dish or tree Zaqqum
63. We have made it Zaqqum tree as a punishment for those who do wrong
This plant is called again several times in another verse in the letter 17:60,37:5, 67:6, 44:43,56:52.
I do not know if after the fall of this paragraph as the Arabs call oleander Zaqqum or indeed of the formerly been named Zaqqum, yanglebih expert readers may be able to answer, but it signaled to us that this plant is indeed dangerous, following full article
Oleander, which Poisonous Flower Butter
NEWS in the media regarding an ornamental plant in Bandung contain dangerous toxins that seem to have a major impact. Some residents of Bandung created shocked, they seemed to realize all this time living in such an environment filled with poisonous plants. Not infrequently also residents stricken with fear and panic. The panic was then stimulate action “was berperiketanaman”, clear-cutting some types of plants that have been decades of comfort as the decorating or home town. Oleander was most pathetic victims of the elimination action.
Since the decades of oleander (Nerium oleander) are cultivated as ornamental plants, both in the yard as well as city parks or on the edge of the road. Plants originating from Morocco and Portugal it is not too unsightly. However, the unique shape of shrubs that are evergreen shrub makes this plant a lot of interest. Not surprisingly, in the corners of houses, yards, city parks and street medians, plants with pink flowers appear confident.
Many names given to the interest of this one like zakum (Turkey), Zaqqum (Arabic), arali (Tamil), jia zhu tao (China), or in Indonesia, better known by the name of butter flowers. This title appears to have originated from the word “Olea” which in Latin means oil or oily. Maybe a little less pleasant to hear if his name to “oil flowers”, so called with interest butter. This plant is known for its ability to produce oil that can meet the land around the place grow. Sundanese people called it puppy or jure.
No we know, in general, ornamental plants are poisonous. However, unlike other types of plants that contain toxic only in some parts of the body, such as flowers or sap, poisonous oleander in every part of his body. Oleander is one of the most poisonous plants in the world and contains a number of toxic components that many of them can cause death, especially in children. The degree of oleander poisoning is believed to be of extreme interest is very high. However, from a number of cases reported, few cases of oleander poisoning that caused death.
The most important toxin in oleander flowers is oleandrin and nerrine associated with heart glikosid. The toxins found in all parts of the plant, but generally concentrated in the sap that looks white like milk. If exposed human skin, it can inhibit receptor sap out of human skin, causing skin so numb or numb. There is a belief that the oleander contain some dangerous substances of unknown or has not been studied. Oleander bark contains rosagenin are known to have effects similar to strychnine. Entire parts of plants containing the toxin causing adverse reactions, both for humans and animals.
Oleander is also known to store its toxic even dried. It is believed that 10-20 leaves consumed by adults can cause adverse reactions, and one leaves enough to be used as deadly weapons if eaten by small children or babies. In the United States, according to the Toxic Exposure Surveillance System (TESS), in 2002 there are 847 people known to result associated with oleander poisoning.
Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world, there are countless number of reports on cases of suicide by eating oleander flower seeds in South India. In the world of animals, poison content of 0.5 milligrams per kilogram of body weight of animals was quite lethal to many animals, and various other doses will affect other animals. Most animals can suffer a reaction or death from this plant.
In Indonesia alone there are no reports of poisoning cases that are specifically related to the oleander plant. If there is any incident of oleander poisoning, most likely unreported for various reasons, ranging from victims of ignorance, lack of attention to the potential threat of poison from oleander, to the possibility of detection. So do not expect a lot we could have data regarding cases of oleander poisoning.
Based on studies in the U.S., cases of oleander poisoning usually occurs when part of the crop went into the digestive system. Reactions to this plant there are two, namely the heart and gastrointestinal effects (associated with the digestive system between the stomach and intestines). Gastrointestinal effects of nausea and want to vomit, excessive salivation, abdominal pain, and diarrhea accompanied by bleeding. However, in the U.S. alone oleander poisoning cases were more common in animals, especially horses, with common symptoms of abdominal pain.
Temporal reactions associated with the cardiac form of irregular heartbeat, sometimes marked by below-normal rate. The heart also berdegub awful, irregular, and without a specific rhythm. In extreme cases, can cause the patient was pale and cold due to irregular blood circulation or low. Reactions to the toxicity of this plant can also affect the central nervous system. Symptoms can include strong feelings of drowsiness, muscle trembling, dizziness, fainting and even resulting in death. Oleander sap can cause skin irritation, inflammation of the eyes, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis (inflammation of the skin infection).
The process of poisoning and reactions to Oleander plants take place very quickly, so as to demand immediate medical care to the victim or the known toxicity, both in animals and humans. Stimulus to vomiting and stomach is associated with preventive measures to reduce absorption of toxic contents in the digestive system. Charcoal can be used to help absorb the remaining toxin content (Inchem, 2005). In certain cases, further medical treatment may be needed, depending on its severity level.
Drain all parts of the oleander plant will not be able to eliminate the toxins in this plant. The action was precisely the risk to animals such as sheep, horses, cattle, or other pasture animals, because only with 100 grams is enough to kill an adult horse. Cuts part of the plant are also harmful to animals, especially horses, because it tastes sweet.
But the poison oleander not resistant to some types of invertebrate animals (no vertebrate). In fact, the animals make oleander plants as their food source. Call it the oleander caterpillar orange caterpillars with black feathers and wasps oleander (Syntomeida epilais). Both include immune to oleander and survive by eating the wood powder in the vicinity of oleander leaf vein network and avoid the fiber.
While the butterfly crow or common crow butterfly (Euploea core) to modify the toxic oleander to make her uncomfortable or unpleasant for the predators, especially the group of birds.
Given the shape and appearance of plants and its designation as an ornamental plant, it’s very small chance these plants into the digestive system through a deliberate manner. Greatest potential exists in animals. Therefore, a bit excessive and unwise if to avoid accidental poisoning of Man, the plant is “slaughtered” exhausted.
It is time we also cultivate a positive attitude to get used to give a clear identity to each plant that we planted. At least, in city parks are filled with signs plastered oleander hedge, “Oleander, Flower Butter Toxic”.
(Rita Zahara, SP / Alumnus Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University)